This infographic looks at the economic interconnectivity between Mexico, the U.S. and Canada during NAFTA negotiations.

Part 1 of 2 in a Series

NAFTA by the Numbers: Where We Stand as the Renegotiation Begins

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NAFTA by the numbers:

Where we stand as the renegotiation begins

In 1994, NAFTA was signed by Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. Now 23 years later, the three countries have a strong economic bond supporting hundreds of billions of dollars in trade every year. Our trade is so integrated with each other’s that any changes could have significant effect around the continent.

Take a look at the statistics and facts* below to see how well the agreement has been performing and better understand how changes could potentially affect the Canadian economy and your business.

* All data is from 2016 unless otherwise noted.

Part 1 of 2 in a Series

This interactive infographic gives you an overview of how the U.S., Mexico and Canada’s economies are closely tied and mutually beneficial. Learn about:

Trade: exports and imports

Canada, the U.S. and Mexico are among each other’s top trade partners.

 

$453.7 B in exports
The U.S. purchases 72.6% of Canada’s total exports

1st
The U.S. is Canada’s largest trading partner

$348.5 B in imports
The U.S. supplies 52.6% of all imports to Canada

$8.8 B in exports
Mexico purchases 1.4% of Canada’s total exports

3rd
Mexico is Canada’s 3rd largest trading partner

$36.3 B in imports
Mexico supplies 5.5% of all imports to Canada

U.S.-CANADA

More than 15%
Total of all American goods and services exported to the world are bought by Canadians

#1 customer for the U.S.
Canada is top market for 32 of the 50 American states (and the #2 market in 9 other states)

MEXICO-CANADA

10%
Average annual growth rate of exports from Canada into Mexico between 1993 and 2016

More than 7x
Amount Canada/Mexico trade has increased since NAFTA was founded

$518 million
Canadian dairy product imports from the U.S. in 2016

See how the dairy industry could impact NAFTA negotiations

MERCHANDISE

Exports (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
Canadian merchandise exports to the United States (billion dollars)

Imports (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
Canadian merchandise imports from the United States (billion dollars)

SERVICE

Exports (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
Canadian service exports to the United States (billion dollars)

Imports (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
Canadian service imports from the United States (billion dollars)

Direct investment flows

Cross-border investment across the three NAFTA partners is significant, supporting a highly integrated continental economy and hundreds of billions of dollars in annual trade flows.

 
U.S.-CANADA

$474.4 B
Value of cross-border investment by Canadian companies in the U.S.

45.2%
U.S. share of Canada’s total CDIA stock

$392.1 B
U.S. Foreign Direct Investment in Canada

47.5%
U.S. share of Canada’s total FDI-In stock

MEXICO-CANADA

$16.8 B
Value of cross-border investment by Canadian companies in Mexico

1.6%
Mexican share of Canada’s total CDIA stock

$1.7 B
Mexican Foreign Direct Investment in Canada

0.2%
Mexican share in Canada’s total FDI-In stock

Over USD $5 billion
Canadian lumber companies’ investment in the U.S. forestry sector since 2005

See where lumber stands in the NAFTA negotiations

CANADIAN DIRECT INVESTMENT ABROAD (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
Canadian direct investment in the United States (billion dollars)

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN CANADA (Billion dollars)

United States Mexico
United States direct investment in Canada (billion dollars)

Foreign affiliate sales

Foreign affiliate sales support over $1 trillion in business between the NAFTA partner countries.

Foreign affiliate sales data is as of 2014.

 
U.S.-CANADA

$298.4 B
Goods and services sold by U.S.-based Canadian affiliates

55.1%
U.S. share of Canada’s total foreign affiliate sales

$612.2 B
U.S. foreign affiliate sales in Canada

55.6%
U.S. share of foreign affiliate sales in Canada

MEXICO-CANADA

$14.6 B
Goods and services sold by Mexican-based Canadian affiliates

2.7%
Mexican share of Canada’s total foreign affiliate sales

$1.7 B
Mexican foreign affiliate sales in Canada

0.2%
Mexican share of foreign affiliate sales in Canada

 

Mexico’s majority-owned affiliated firms provide a major boost to Canada’s economy

$4 B
value of assets

Over $1 B
in annual sales

$434 M
in exports

 

Canada and U.S. jobs supported by trade with each other

Foreign affiliate companies from Mexico and the U.S. help create jobs and support the economy — and we do the same for them.

 
U.S.-CANADA

595,547
American workers employed by Canadian foreign affiliates

1,202,085
Canadian workers employed by American foreign affiliates

MEXICO-CANADA

65,746
Mexican workers employed by Canadian foreign affiliates

3,239
Canadian workers employed by Mexican foreign affiliates

 

NAFTA supports millions of jobs

3.4 million
Number of Canadian jobs supported by trade and investment with the U.S.

2.2 million
Number of US jobs supported by trade and investment with Canada

58,440
Number of Canadian jobs supported by trade and investment with Mexico

 
 

Number of people crossing the border

More than just merchandise and services travels between our borders. Like any good neighbours, Canadians, Americans and Mexicans check in on each other from time to time.

Top travel destinations for Canadians

#1 – United States
#2 – Mexico
#3 – United Kingdom

U.S.-CANADA

40,989,135
Visits to the U.S. were taken by Canadians in 2016

23,895,377
Visits to Canada were taken by Americans in 2016

MEXICO-CANADA

1,926,000
Visits to Mexico were taken by Canadians in 2016

252,218
Visits to Canada were taken by Mexicans in 2016

U.S. content in Canadian exports to the U.S.

The U.S.-Canada trade relationship is deeply intertwined — so much so that 17.5% of Canadian exports to the U.S. are made of U.S. content.

 

64%
Percentage of all products and services produced and sold between Canada and the U.S. that contain components, raw materials and support services sourced from each country

17¢ for every $1
Amount of American raw material or components in products and services that Canada sells to the United States

41%
Average of American components contained in vehicles and auto parts manufactured in Canada and shipped to the U.S.

45.5%
American parts in Canadian car exports to the U.S.

Will the auto industry drive NAFTA negotiations forward?

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NAFTA by the Numbers: Where We Stand as the Renegotiation Begins was last modified: September 19th, 2017 by Export Development Canada.
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